Facial skin pigmentation is a very common problem faced by Indians and, believe it or not, it can cause a huge psychological impact. But you should know the types of pigmentation and how to solve them.
Causes of skin pigmentation
Some of the most common causes of facial pigmentation are conditions such as melasma, freckles, lentils, rheumatoid arthritis, Achilles infection, and many more. This can cause a light brown to dark brown and even gray or bluish color.
Its treatment requires clinical expertise and in some cases a skin biopsy to accurately diagnose the clinical condition causing pigmentation.
Freckles are another common cause of pigmented spots on the face in India. They are seen as small, light brown spots on areas exposed to the sun. Sun exposure and genetics are the main causes.
Lentigens are also small brown spots that appear in areas exposed to the sun but are usually darker in colour.
nigricans nigricans is also a very common cause of pigmentation on the face and neck. It is characterized by dark skin, velvety, thickening on the face and body folds. It is usually a symptom of obesity, diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, and in some cases even tumors.
Different types of pigmentation
Melasma, the most common cause of pigmentation in India, has been classified as epidermal, epidermal, and cutaneous, depending on the depth of pigmentation. In the skin type, the pigment is brown while in the cutaneous type, the pigment is grayish brown.
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After determining the type of dye, a treatment plan is drawn up. UV rays, hormonal changes, thyroid disorders, oral contraceptives, genetic history, pregnancy, and oral medications such as phenytoin, griseofulvin, and NSAIDs are common causes of melasma.
Diagnosing pigmented spots on the face is challenging, since most of these conditions have overlapping clinical features.
How is skin pigmentation treated?
The most important part in the treatment of these clinical entities is the removal of stimulating agents, strict protection from light, and pigment reduction.
sun protection in the form of sunscreen, topically and orally; Wearing hats or using an umbrella outdoors, wearing umbrellas is of paramount importance.
Lifestyle modifications such as avoiding outdoor activities between 11 am and 4 pm can be beneficial.
The use of topical skin-lightening agents can be started after a correct diagnosis.
Some of the skin lightening agents are azelaic acid, hydroquinone acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, mandelic acid, alpha arbutin, licorice extract, and kojic acid. It should be used with sunscreens. If you experience redness and irritation, talk to your doctor.